Health – for primary school
|Advantage of a treatment||
An advantage of a treatment is something about it that you think is good.
An association is a link or connection.
To avoid is to keep from getting.
To be based on is to be supported by.
In treatment comparisons, to blind someone means to keep them from knowing who received which treatment.
The brand name of a treatment is the name that a company uses to advertise their version of it.
The basis of a claim is what supports it.
To beware is to be careful or wary.
A careful summary is what researchers make when the carefully select all fair comparisons of the same treatments and add up the findings.
A claim is something someone says that could be right, but could be wrong.
|Comparison of treatments||
A comparison of treatments is a study where researchers look carefully at the differences in what happens between groups that use different treatments.
A conclusion is what you believe or decide after thinking carefully.
To cure is to make healthy again.
When you are sick, doctors figure out what’s making you sick by asking questions and ordering tests. What they figure out is called a diagnosis.
When you have diarrhoea you have to go to the bathroom a lot and your poop is runny and watery.
|Disadvantage of a treatment||
A disadvantage of a treatment is something about it that you think is bad.
A disease is a sickness.
not alike, not the same, different
An effect of a treatment is something that it makes happen.
A treatment is effective if it causes something to happen that is wanted.
An event is when something happens, like someone getting sick or better.
Evidence is facts used to support what you believe or decide.
To exaggerate is to magnify or overstate.
Earache is pain inside the ear. It can be caused by an infection.
An experience is something that happened to someone.
An expert is someone who knows a lot about something.
|Fair comparison of treatments||
A fair comparison of treatments is one where the only important difference between the groups that are compared is the treatments they receive.
In a comparison of treatments, fair means not giving an advantage to one treatment over another.
A fact is something known by observing it or experiencing it.
Faulty logic is bad reasoning.
A harmful effect of a treatment is something it makes happen that you don't want.
A harm of a treatment is something it makes happen that you don’t want.
An infection is a disease caused by bugs that are too small to see with only the eye.
To ignore something is not to pay attention to it.
The kidneys are a pair of body parts that filter waste materials out of the blood.
In treatment comparisons, an outcome is something good or bad that can happen after a treatment and is measured in studies.
Just believing that a treatment works can change how someone feels. This is called a placebo effect.
To predict is to tell in advance what will happen.
A side effect is a harmful or unpleasant effect of a treatment that is not planned.
A study is a careful look at something by researchers.
A substitute outcome is a less important outcome that takes the place of a more important one in a study of the effects of treatments.
Someone is sick when they are not well.
alike, the same, not different
A theory is an explanation for why something happens.
A treatment comparison is a study where researchers look carefully at the differences in what happens between groups that use different treatments.
A treatment effect is something a treatment makes happen.
A treatment is something you do for your health.
|Treatment comparison group||
In a study of the effects of treatments, a treatment comparison group is the group of people who receive one of the treatments being compared.
|Unfair comparison of treatments||
An unfair comparison of treatments is one where there are important differences between the groups that are compared besides the treatments they receive.
In a comparison of treatments, unfair means giving an advantage to one treatment over another.
An uncareful summary of treatment comparisons is when the comparisons (studies) are not selected carefully and the findings are not added up carefully.